All of the first railways in Canada: the Champlain & Saint Lawrence, the Albion Colliery tramway, and the Montreal & Champlain were built to the 4 8 1/2" gauge. Not withstanding this, the Legislature of the Province of Canada passed an act in 1851, which made 5' 6" the standard gauge for new railways in the Province.
This act, which was in force until 1870, stated that unless the 5' 6" or "Provincial Gauge" was used for new construction longer than 75 miles, the railroad would not be eligible for subsidies.
How did this happen? In 1845 a Royal Commission was established to look into aiding railway construction and to select a "standard" gauge for railways in the province. By the time the commission got around to the gauge question in 1851, construction of the railway between Montreal and Portland, Maine was well in hand. The line, which was really two railroads-
Led by the Portland and Montreal promoters, the broad gauge faction won over the Royal Commission and the "Provincial Gauge" became the law of the land.
|Table of Contents|
|Last of the Breed|
|Montreal & Bytown Railway|
|The Second Carillon & Grenville Formed|
|A Living Museum|
|A New & Controversial Owner|
|History in Brief|
|Grenville Subdivision Station & Mileage Table|
|Photos - 2|
|Photos - 3|
|Photos - 4|
|Photos - 5|